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Life Sci. 2002 Aug 16;71(13):1591-8.

Characterization of radioiodinated (-)-ortho-iodovesamicol binding in rat brain preparations.

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Radioisotope Center, Kanazawa University, 13-1 Takara-machi, Kanazawa 920-8640, Ishikawa, Japan.


We investigated the binding characteristics of optical isomers of three iodovesamicol analogs to vesicular acetylcholine transporters (VAChT) and to sigma receptors (sigma-1, sigma-2) in rat brains. In competitive inhibition studies, (-)-enantiomers [(-)-ortho-iodovesamicol ((-)-oIV), (-)-meta-iodovesamicol ((-)-mIV), (-)-vesamicol] displayed a higher affinity for VAChT than (+)-enantiomer [(+)-oIV, (+)-mIV, (+)-vesamicol]. (-)-oIV and (-)-mIV showed the same high affinity for VAChT as (-)-vesamicol. For sigma receptors(sigma-1, sigma-2), (-)-oIV (Ki = 62.2 nM (to sigma-1) and 554 nM(to sigma-2)) showed a lower affinity than (-)-mIV (Ki = 4.5 nM (to sigma-1) and 42.9 nM (to sigma-2)). Furthermore, in a saturation binding study, (-)-[125I]-oIV exhibited a Kd of 17.4 +/- 5.1 nM with a maximum number of binding sites, Bmax, of 559 +/- 51 fmol/ mg of protein. These results showed that (-)-oIV binds to vesicular acetylcholine transporters (VAChT) more selectively than (-)-mIV, previously reported as a VAChT mapping agent, and may be suitable for VAChT imaging studies.

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