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FEMS Microbiol Lett. 2002 Jul 16;213(1):21-6.

Characterization of an inducible citrate uptake system in Penicillium simplicissimum.

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Department of Biochemistry and Microbiology, Slovak University of Technology, Radlinského 9, Bratislava, Slovak Republic.


When citrate was used as a sole source of carbon, citrate uptake by Penicillium simplicissimum increased 267-fold (if glucose-grown mycelium was adapted to citrate) or 1400-fold (if the fungus was grown on citrate) compared to glucose-grown mycelium. Inhibition of macromolecular synthesis prevented this stimulation of citrate uptake. Citrate uptake by glucose-grown mycelium was low (0.0015 nmol min(-1) (mg DW)(-1)) and most probably due to diffusion of undissociated citric acid. Citrate-adapted mycelium had a K(M) of 65 micromol l(-1) and a V(max) of 0.34 nmol min(-1) (mg DW)(-1). In citrate-grown mycelium K(M) was 318 micromol l(-1) and V(max) was 8.5 nmol min(-1) (mg DW)(-1). Citrate uptake was inhibited by sodium azide and uncouplers (TCS, 3,3',4',5-tetrachlorosalicylanilide; FCCP, carbonyl cyanide p-trifluoromethoxyphenyl-hydrazone). Because of this we postulate that the induced citrate uptake must be an active transport process. The pH optimum of citrate uptake was between pH 6 and 7. EDTA and Mg2+, Mn2+, Cu2+, Zn2+, Fe2+, Ca2+ only weakly influenced the induced citrate uptake. The properties of citrate uptake by Aspergillus niger and P. simplicissimum are compared.

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