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Arch Biochem Biophys. 2002 Aug 1;404(1):106-15.

4,4(')-Dianilino-1,1(')-binaphthyl-5,5(')-disulfonate: report on non-beta-sheet conformers of Alzheimer's peptide beta(1-40).

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CNS Pharmacology, Pfizer Global Research and Development, Ann Arbor, MI 48105, USA.


The venerable fluorescent probe of protein hydrophobic regions, 4,4(')-dianilino-1,1(')-binaphthyl-5,5(')-disulfonate (bis-ANS), unexpectedly increases in fluorescence with soluble beta(1-40) in acidic buffer solutions but reacts weakly with amyloid fibrils while other hydrophobic probes react with the fibrils. CD analysis correlates reaction with the probe with random coil/mixed conformations and alpha-helical forms of beta(1-40) in buffer solutions but less so with soluble beta-sheet forms or amyloid fibrils. The kinetics of the fluoroalcohol-induced interconversion of conformers can be followed by changes in bis-ANS fluorescence. Formation of the beta-sheet form in aqueous buffer is limited by a slow component (minutes) while fluoroalcohol-promoted changes between beta-sheet and alpha-helix occur over seconds. Variants of beta(1-40) such as beta(1-42) or the Dutch E22Q mutation of beta(1-40) and fragments beta(1-28), beta(12-28), beta(10-20 amide), and beta(10-35 amide) react with bis-ANS under conditions that do not support fibril formation. Primary amino acid sequence is important as beta(1-11) does not cause bis-ANS fluorescence while beta(1-16) does, but hydrophobicity is not as beta(25-35) and beta(15-20 amide) are unreactive. bis-ANS is a useful biophysical tool for characterizing particular, but not all, soluble Abeta conformations distinct from the fibrillar form of amyloid peptides detected by Thioflavin T.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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