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Cytokine. 2002 May 21;18(4):214-21.

Site-specific interaction of bone morphogenetic protein 2 with procollagen II.

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Department of General and Molecular Biology and Genetics, Medical University of Silesia, 40-752 Katowice, Poland.


Bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) play a critical role in embryo development, organogenesis, and regeneration of damaged tissues. Biological activity of BMPs depends on their local concentration, which is regulated by intracellular enzymatic processing of pro-BMPs, and then the binding of secreted BMPs to antagonizing extracellular proteins. It has been suggested that BMPs interact with structural proteins of the extracellular matrix, but this process is poorly understood. To study interactions of BMPs with fibrillar collagens in detail we expressed recombinant procollagen II variants in which specific domains that correspond to the D-periods were deleted. Subsequently, the procollagen II variants were used in biosensor and immuno-precipitation binding assays to map the regions of procollagen II with a high affinity for the BMP-2. Our data suggest that interaction of BMP-2 with procollagen II is site-specific, and that the high-affinity binding site is located in the D4-period of the collagen triple helix. We hypothesize that the binding of BMP-2 to collagen II reflects a general mechanism of interaction between the fibrillar collagens and morphogens that belong to the transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta superfamily.

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