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Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2002 Aug;283(2):H598-605.

H(2)O(2)-induced Ca(2+) overload in NRVM involves ERK1/2 MAP kinases: role for an NHE-1-dependent pathway.

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Department of Physiology and Biophysics, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35294, USA.


Generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and intracellular Ca(2+) overload are key mechanisms involved in ischemia-reperfusion (I/R)-induced myocardial injury. The relationship between I/R injury and Ca(2+) overload has not been fully characterized. The increase in Na(+)/H(+) exchanger (NHE-1) activity observed during I/R injury is an attractive candidate to link increased ROS production with Ca(2+) overload. We have shown that low doses of H(2)O(2) increase NHE-1 activity in an extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK)-dependent manner. In this study, we examined the effect of low doses of H(2)O(2) on intracellular Ca(2+) in fura 2-loaded, spontaneously contracting neonatal rat ventricular myocytes. H(2)O(2) induced a time- and concentration-dependent increase in diastolic intracellular Ca(2+) concentration that was blocked by inhibition of ERK1/2 activation with 5 microM U-0126 (88%) or inhibition of NHE-1 with 5 microM HOE-642 (50%). Increased NHE activity was associated with phosphorylation of the NHE-1 carboxyl tail that was blocked by U-0126. These results suggest that H(2)O(2) induced Ca(2+) overload is partially mediated by NHE-1 activation secondary to phosphorylation of NHE-1 by the ERK1/2 MAP kinase pathway.

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