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FEBS Lett. 2002 Jul 17;523(1-3):85-9.

Factor Xa induces mitogenesis of coronary artery smooth muscle cell via activation of PAR-2.

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Department of Biochemistry, College of Science, and Bioproducts Research Center, Yonsei University, 120-749, Seoul, South Korea.


Factor Xa-induced stimulation of coronary artery smooth muscle cells (CASMC) was investigated by analyzing [(3)H]thymidine incorporation, cell proliferation, and ERK-1/2 activation. Exposure of the cells to factor Xa evoked a time-dependent activation of ERK-1/2 with increased [(3)H]thymidine incorporation and cell proliferation. The factor Xa-induced ERK-1/2 activation was not desensitized by preincubation of the cells with thrombin. However, ERK-1/2 activation was markedly attenuated by prior exposure of the cells to protease-activated receptor-2 (PAR-2) activating peptide, SLIGKV. The mitogenic effect of factor Xa was significantly reduced in the presence of anti-PAR-2 monoclonal antibody. Several lines of experimental evidence indicate that factor Xa-induced mitogenesis of CASMC is a cellular process mediated by PAR-2 activation.

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