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Curr Biol. 2002 Jun 25;12(12):1046-51.

Loss-of-susceptibility mutants of Arabidopsis thaliana reveal an essential role for eIF(iso)4E during potyvirus infection.

Author information

1
Center for Gene Research and Biotechnology and Department of Botany and Plant Pathology, Oregon State University, Corvallis 97331, USA.

Abstract

The Arabidopsis thaliana-potyvirus system was developed to identify compatibility and incompatibility factors involved during infection and disease caused by positive-strand RNA viruses. Several Arabidopsis mutants with increased susceptibility to Tobacco etch potyvirus (TEV) were isolated previously, revealing a virus-specific resistance system in the phloem. In this study, Arabidopsis mutants with decreased susceptibility to Turnip mosaic potyvirus (TuMV) were isolated. Three independent mutants that conferred immunity to TuMV were isolated and assigned to the same complementation group. These mutants were also immune or near-immune to TEV but were susceptible to an unrelated virus. The locus associated with decreased susceptibility was named loss-of-susceptibility to potyviruses 1 (lsp1). The LSP1 locus was isolated by map-based cloning and was identified as the gene encoding translation factor eIF(iso)4E, one of several known Arabidopsis isoforms that has cap binding activity. eIF4E and eIF(iso)4E from different plant species were shown previously to interact with the genome-linked protein (VPg) of TEV and TuMV, respectively. Models to explain the roles of eIF(iso)4E during virus infection are presented.

PMID:
12123581
DOI:
10.1016/s0960-9822(02)00898-9
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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