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J Inorg Biochem. 2002 Jul 25;91(1):320-6.

Studies on the kinetic stabilities of the Gd(3+) complexes formed with the N-mono(methylamide), N'-mono(methylamide) and N,N"-bis(methylamide) derivatives of diethylenetriamine-N,N,N',N",N"-pentaacetic acid.

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1
Department of Inorganic and Analytical Chemistry, University of Debrecen, H-4010 Debrecen, Hungary.

Abstract

High kinetic stability is an important requirement for the Gd(3+) complexes used as contrast enhancement agents in magnetic resonance imaging. The kinetic stabilities of the Gd(3+) complexes formed with DTPA-N-mono(methylamide) (L(3)), DTPA-N'-mono(methylamide) (L(2)) and DTPA-bis(methylamide) (L(1)) are characterized by the rates of the exchange reactions with Eu(3+) and the endogenous Cu(2+) and Zn(2+). The exchange reactions occur via the proton-assisted dissociation of the complexes and direct attack of the exchanging metal ions on the complex. On the basis of the line-shape analysis of the 1H NMR spectra of the LaL(2), obtained in the pH range 2.5-3.5, we assume that for the proton-assisted dissociation of the complexes the formation of an intermediate containing a free iminodiacetate group must be followed with the rupture of the metal-central nitrogen bond. At about pH > or = 5, the reactions between GdL(2) or GdL(3) and Cu(2+) or Zn(2+) proceed predominantly by direct reaction of the reactants, through the formation of dinuclear intermediates. The contribution of the proton-assisted dissociation is highly important for GdL(1), but its reaction with Zn(2+) is significantly slower than the reactions of GdL(2) and GdL(3). The overall rates of dissociation of GdL(1), GdL(2), GdL(3) and Gd(DTPA)(2-) through H(+) (pH 7.4), Cu(2+) (1 x 10(-6) M) and Zn(2+) (1 x 10(-5) M)-assisted reactions are surprisingly very similar. Replacement of one or two carboxylates with amide groups results in significantly decreased stability constants, but has practically no effect on the kinetic stability of the Gd(3+) complexes, indicating the lower reactivity of the amide groups with Cu(2+) and Zn(2+).

PMID:
12121791
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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