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Holist Nurs Pract. 2000 Jan;14(2):91-103.

Using cognitive strategies to enhance bladder control and comfort.

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  • 1College of Nursing, University of Akron, Akron, Ohio, USA.


Compromised urinary bladder syndrome (CUBS), a combination of frequency and incontinence, causes multiple discomforts for community-dwelling adults. A holistic intervention--audiotaped cognitive strategies--was designed to augment the effects of an educational program designed to treat CUBS. CUBS was operationalized with a voiding diary, and comfort related to bladder health was operationalized in a questionnaire. In this quasi-experimental design the outcomes were measured at four time points. Repeated measures multivariate analyses of variance and nonparametric analyses were conducted to assess differences between the two groups. Results indicated that the treatment group had more comfort and improved CUBS compared with the control group.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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