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Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2002 Jun;968:198-212.

Regulation of phospholipase D and secretion in mast cells by protein kinase A and other protein kinases.

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Laboratory of Molecular Immunology, National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892-1760, USA.


Functions attributed to phospholipase (PL) D include the regulation of intracellular trafficking of Golgi-derived vesicles and secretion of granules from mast cells. We have reported that activation of PLD and secretion in a rat mast cell (RBL-2H3) line is substantially enhanced by cholera toxin, a known activator of protein kinase (PK) A. Here we review the evidence that (1) the synergistic interactions of cholera toxin and other pharmacological agents on mast cell secretion are attributable to the synergistic activation of PLD via PKA, CaM kinase II, and PKC and (2) both PLD1 and PLD2 participate in this process. For example, treatment with cholera toxin, thapsigargin, and phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (which activate PKA, CaM kinase II, and PKC, respectively) exhibit synergy in the stimulation of both PLD and secretion. These kinases and PLD are likely confined to membrane components, as similar synergistic interactions could be demonstrated in permeabilized cells. The regulation of PLD and secretion by these kinases is also apparent from studies of inhibitors of PKA and other kinases. Also, by overexpression of either PLD1 or PLD2 it is apparent that both isoforms respond to the same stimuli as endogenous PLD, although PLD1 is largely associated with secretory granules and PLD2 with plasma membrane. The studies reveal interesting differences in the regulation of the translocation of granules (regulated by PKA) and the fusion of these granules with the plasma membrane (regulated by Ca(2+) and PKC). The pathological/physiological implications of the regulation of PLD by PKA require further evaluation in other cell systems.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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