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Pharmacol Biochem Behav. 2002 Sep;73(2):317-26.

Modulation of DOI-induced increases in cortical BDNF expression by group II mGlu receptors.

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Yale School of Medicine, Department of Psychiatry, Ribicoff Research Facilities of the Connecticut Mental Health Center, Room 335d, 34 Park Street, New Haven, CT 06508, USA.


Previous studies have shown that 5-hydroxytryptamine(2A) (5-HT(2A)) receptor activation induces changes in the pattern of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) mRNA expression in the neocortex and hippocampus, and that 5-HT(2A) receptor blockade interferes with the induction of BDNF mRNA by stress. Recent studies have also shown that activation of metabotropic glutamate group II (mGlu2/3) receptors suppresses 5-HT(2A) receptor-stimulated excitatory postsynaptic potentials/currents (EPSP/Cs) in pyramidal neurons in medial prefrontal cortex. Conversely, blockade of mGlu2/3 receptors enhances 5-HT-induced EPSCs. The current study examined the effects of the highly selective mGlu2/3 agonist (1S,2S,5R,6S)-2-aminobicyclo[3.1.0]hexane-2,6-dicarboxylate monohydrate (LY354740) and the mGlu2/3 antagonist 2S-2-amino-2-(1S,2S-2-carboxycycloprop-1-yl)-3(xanthy-9-yl)propanoic acid (LY341495) on BDNF mRNA expression in medial prefrontal cortex induced by the hallucinogen and 5-HT(2A/2B/2C) agonist 1-(2,5-dimethoxy-4-iodophenethyl)-2-aminopropane (DOI). LY354740 (0.1-10 mg/kg) dose-dependently suppressed DOI-induced BDNF mRNA levels in medial prefrontal cortex. In contrast, the mGlu2/3 antagonist LY341495 (1 mg/kg) enhanced DOI-induced BDNF mRNA levels. BDNF mRNA expression was not altered by administration of the mGlu agonist or the antagonist alone. These results are discussed with respect to a potential role for group II mGlu agonists in the treatment of depression and schizophrenia.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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