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Hear Res. 2002 Jun;168(1-2):208-22.

A critical review on the participation of inferior colliculus in acoustic-motor and acoustic-limbic networks involved in the expression of acute and kindled audiogenic seizures.

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Neurophysiology and Experimental Neuroethology Laboratory, Physiology Department, Ribeirão Preto School of Medicine, University of São Paulo, 14049-900 SP, Ribeirão Preto, Brazil.


The main goal of this article is to review the key role that the inferior colliculus plays in the expression of acoustic-motor and acoustic-limbic integration involved, respectively, in acute and chronic audiogenic seizures. In order to put this in context, we will review the behavioral characterization of acute and chronic audiogenic seizures, neuroanatomical substrates, neurochemistry, neuropharmacology, electrophysiology, as well as the cellular and molecular mechanisms involved in their expression. Secondly, we will also correlate our results, collected from audiogenic seizures susceptible rats, before and after the genetic selection of our own audiogenic susceptible strain, and from those sensitized by lesions or drug microinjections, with those pertinent from the international literature. In brief, genetic or sensitized animals express acute audiogenic seizures as a wild running behavior preceding the onset of tonic-clonic seizures. The latter can have several presentations including opistotonus and fore- and hindlimb tonic hyperextensions, followed by clonic convulsions of fore- and hindlimbs. Chronic (kindled) audiogenic seizures change this behavioral expression, with similar patterns such as those present in temporal lobe epileptic seizures, intermingled with the original audiogenic seizure pattern, which is known to be dependent on brainstem networks.

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