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Int J Parasitol. 2002 Aug;32(9):1155-62.

Excretory/secretory products from plerocercoids of Spirometra erinaceieuropaei suppress the TNF-alpha gene expression by reducing phosphorylation of ERK1/2 and p38 MAPK in macrophages.

Author information

1
Department of Molecular Medical Zoology, Faculty of Medicine, Tottori University, 86 Nishi-cho, 683-8503 Yonago, Japan.

Abstract

We previously reported that excretory/secretory products from plerocercoids of Spirometra erinaceieuropaei suppress gene expression and production of tumour necrosis factor-alpha in murine macrophages stimulated with lipopolysaccharide. The present study investigated the suppressive mechanisms of tumour necrosis factor-alpha mRNA by excretory/secretory products in lipopolysaccharide-stimulated murine macrophages. Electrophoretic mobility shift assay and supershift assay revealed that neither nuclear translocation of nuclear factor-kappa B nor conformation of the p50/p65 nuclear factor-kappa B subunits was affected by the treatment of excretory/secretory products in lipopolysaccharide-stimulated macrophages. Inhibition of extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase 1/2 with PD98059 or p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase with SB203580 partially reduced tumour necrosis factor-alpha mRNA expression, and a combination of the two inhibitors additionally suppressed the level of tumour necrosis factor-alpha mRNA, revealing that both pathways are crucial for full induction of the gene. Northern blot analysis showed that excretory/secretory products additionally suppressed tumour necrosis factor-alpha mRNA expression in cells treated with PD98059 or SB208530 and, in turn, we found that excretory/secretory products reduced phosphorylation of extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase 1/2 and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase in lipopolysaccharide-stimulated macrophages by Western blot analysis. This is the first report demonstrating that excretory/secretory products from parasites suppress tumour necrosis factor-alpha mRNA expression by reducing phosphorylation of extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase 1/2 and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase without any effect on nuclear factor-kappa B activity in macrophages stimulated with lipopolysaccharide. We hypothesise that excretory/secretory products may enable this parasite to survive within the host.

PMID:
12117498
DOI:
10.1016/s0020-7519(02)00090-5
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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