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Vision Res. 1998 Sep;38(17):2533-7.

Sensitivity to disparity corrugations in peripheral vision.

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Department of Experimental Psychology, Oxford University, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3UD, UK.


Disparity discrimination thresholds are known to increase with both retinal eccentricity and distance from the horopter. However, little is known about how the detectability of cyclopean gratings varies with retinal position. Thresholds for disparity corrugations were measured as a function of corrugation frequency for different visual eccentricities. Subjects viewed annular displays of random dot stereograms, and judged in which of two intervals a circumferential disparity modulation was present. For any given eccentricity, visual sensitivity to disparity corrugations was bandpass. As eccentricity increased from 3.5 to 21.0 degrees, peak-to-trough thresholds were found to increase, the optimal corrugation frequency for detection decreased, and the upper cutoff corrugation frequency also decreased. The M-Scaling functions of Rovamo and Virsu were used to replot the data in terms of cycles per unit cortical distance. Peak detection frequency was constant at 0.8 cycles per mm of cortex after this rescaling, demonstrating that acuity for disparity modulations is approximately M-scaled beyond the fovea.

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