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Cytometry. 2002 Jun 1;48(2):80-6.

Flow cytometric detection of activated mouse integrin alphaIIbbeta3 with a novel monoclonal antibody.

Author information

1
Department of Molecular Oncology, General Surgery, Witten/Herdecke University, Wuppertal, Germany.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Integrin alphaIIbbeta3 mediates platelet adhesion and aggregation and plays a crucial role in thrombosis and hemostasis. alphaIIbbeta3 is expressed in a low affinity state on resting platelets. Upon platelet activation, alphaIIbbeta3 shifts to a high affinity conformation that efficiently binds its ligands. On human platelets, the high affinity conformation of alphaIIbbeta3 is detected by the monoclonal antibody (mAb), PAC-1. However, a reagent with binding specificity to high affinity mouse alphaIIbbeta3 has not been described so far.

METHODS:

A novel rat mAb directed against mouse alphaIIbbeta3 (JON/A) was generated and characterized. JON/A was conjugated with fluorescein isothiocyanate (JON/A(FITC)) or with R-phycoerythrin (JON/A(PE)) and used for flow cytometric analysis of mouse platelets.

RESULTS:

Although JON/A(FITC) bound to resting and activated platelets, virtually no binding of the larger JON/A(PE) to resting platelets was detectable. However, strong binding of JON/A(PE) occurred on platelet activation in a dose-dependent manner. Binding of JON/A(PE) required extracellular free calcium and was irreversible, thereby stabilizing the high affinity conformation of alphaIIbbeta3.

CONCLUSION:

JON/A(PE) is the first tool for direct assessment of integrin alphaIIbbeta3 activation in mice. Furthermore, JON/A(FITC) and JON/A(PE) provide the first examples of fluorescent antibody derivatives with identical antigenic specificity that allow the discrimination between the resting and the activated state of an integrin.

PMID:
12116368
DOI:
10.1002/cyto.10114
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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