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Proteomics. 2002 Jun;2(6):765-74.

High pressure effects step-wise altered protein expression in Lactobacillus sanfranciscensis.

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FG Proteomik, Technische Universität München, Germany.


In this study we investigated the cellular response to the application of high hydrostatic pressure. High pressure is increasingly used for food preservation. With high resolution 2-D electrophoresis we compared the protein patterns of atmospherically grown Lactobacillus sanfranciscensis with those pressure treated up to 200 MPa. We performed the comparative study by using overlapping immobilized pH gradients covering the pH range from 2.5 up to 12 in order to maximize the resolution for the detection of stress relevant proteins. For improved quantitative analysis, staining with SyproRuby was used in addition to silver staining. By computer aided image analysis we detected more than a dozen spots within the pH range from 3.5 to 9 that were more than two-fold increased or 50% decreased in their intensity upon high pressure treatment. Two of them (approx. values: pI 4.0 and 4.2, respectively; M(r) approximately 15 000) have almost identical matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization-time of flight mass spectrometry spectra and were identified by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry as putative homologs/paralogs to cold shock proteins of Lactococcus lactis. Their expression is opposed (i.e. the more acidic one is repressed, while the other one is induced); this effect is maximal at 1 h, 150 MPa. It was further remarkable that by monitoring the barosensitivity of the cells within 25 MPa steps, we observed a differential pressure induction or repression of the detected proteins as well. For example one protein (approx. values: pI 4.2, M(r) approximately 15 000) shows a maximum induction after 1 h, 150 MPa while another one (pI 7.5, M(r) approximately 25 000) is maximally induced after 1 h, 50/75 MPa. This indicates a successive cell response and different signalling pathways for these responses.

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