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Hum Mutat. 2002 Jul;20(1):77-8.

Frequencies of GJB2 mutations in German control individuals and patients showing sporadic non-syndromic hearing impairment.

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Institute of Anthropology and Human Genetics, Molecular Genetics, University of Tübingen, Tübingen, Germany.


Mutations in the GJB2 gene encoding the gap-junction protein connexin 26 have been identified in many patients with childhood hearing impairment (HI). One single mutation, 35delG (30delG), accounts for up to 70% of all analyzed European patients with autosomal recessive inherited HI and 10% of patients with HI of unknown origin, respectively. We screened 188 control individuals and 342 German patients with non-syndromic sporadic HI for the 35delG, compound heterozygosity and other GJB2 mutations by PCR, restriction enzyme based screening, SSCP and sequencing. In all patients, non-progressive hearing impairment varied from moderate to profound involving all frequencies. This study revealed one novel silent mutation (438C/T), three novel gene variants resulting in amino acid substitutions (K112E, T123S, K223R) and two novel HI-related mutations (I82M, 313del14).

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