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J Cell Biochem. 2002;86(1):128-35.

1,25(OH)2-vitamin D3 induces translocation of the vitamin D receptor (VDR) to the plasma membrane in skeletal muscle cells.

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Departamento de Biología, Bioquímica Y Farmacia, Universidad Nacional del Sur. San Juan 670, 8000 Bahía Blanca, Argentina.


1,25-dihydroxy-vitamin D(3) (1,25(OH)(2)D(3)), the hormonally active form of vitamin D(3), acts through two different mechanisms. In addition to regulating gene expression via the specific intracellular vitamin D receptor (VDR), 1,25(OH)(2)D(3) induces rapid, non-transcriptional responses involving stimulation of transmembrane signal transduction pathways. The activation of second messengers supports the hypothesis that a membrane-bound steroid receptor similar to those that mediate peptide hormone biology exists. Skeletal muscle is a target tissue for 1,25(OH)(2)D(3). Avian embryonic skeletal muscle cells (myoblasts/myotubes) have been shown to respond both genomically and non-genomically to the hormone. The present study provides evidence indicating that short-term treatment (1-10 min) with 1,25(OH)(2)D(3) induces translocation of the VDR from the nuclear to the microsomal fraction in chick myoblasts. This translocation is blocked by colchicine, genistein, or herbimycin, suggesting the involvement of microtubular transport and tyrosine kinase/s in the relocation of the receptor. By isolation of plasma membranes, it was demonstrated that the hormone increases the amounts of VDR specifically in this fraction. These results suggest that the nuclear VDR may be the receptor that mediates the non-genomic effects of 1,25(OH)(2)D(3) in chick myoblasts.

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