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J Mol Med (Berl). 2002 Jul;80(7):412-22. Epub 2002 Apr 11.

Mutations in the cardiac myosin-binding protein C gene are the predominant cause of familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy in eastern Finland.

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Department of Medicine, University of Kuopio, 70211 Kuopio, Finland.


Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is a genetic disorder characterized by cardiac hypertrophy caused by mutations in genes encoding sarcomere proteins. This study screened all patients with HCM from the Kuopio University Hospital region in eastern Finland for variants in the cardiac myosin-binding protein C gene ( MYBPC3). All 35 exons of MYBPC3 were screened by the single-strand conformation polymorphism method in 37 unrelated patients with HCM. In MYBPC3 we identified seven novel (Gln1061X, IVS5-2A-->C, IVS14-13G-->A, Ex25DeltaLys, Pro147Leu, Ser236Gly, and Arg1138His) and two previously reported (Arg326Gln, Val896Met) variants, all of which are predicted to affect the structure of the encoded protein. Four of the nine variants, a nonsense mutation Gln1061X, a splice acceptor mutation (IVS5-2A-->C), a novel substitution in intron 14 (IVS14-13G-->A), and a novel 3-bp deletion in exon 25 (Ex25DeltaLys) were concluded to be disease-causing mutations because they cosegregated with the HCM phenotype or were absent in more than 200 normal chromosomes, or both. The mutation Gln1061X was found most frequently, being present in 6 families (23 subjects) while the other three mutations were found in single families each. Haplotype analysis indicated a likely founder effect among the families carrying the Gln1061X mutation. We found four novel mutations in MYBPC3, accounting for approx. 38% of familial and 24% of all cases of HCM. In our previous and unpublished studies no more frequent cause of HCM has been found in genetic analyses of other eight sarcomeric proteins. Consequently MYBPC3 is the predominant gene for HCM in eastern Finland. In addition, several amino acid substitutions in MYBPC3 suspected to be not associated with HCM were identified, indicating that some of the missense variants found in MYBPC3 are possibly not disease-causing mutations.

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