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EMBO J. 2002 Jul 15;21(14):3739-48.

Loss of p27(Kip1) but not p21(Cip1) decreases survival and synergizes with MYC in murine lymphomagenesis.

Author information

1
Division of Molecular Genetics and Center for Biomedical Genetics, The Netherlands Cancer Institute, Plesmanlaan 121, 1066 CX Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Abstract

The cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) inhibitors p21(Cip1) and p27(Kip1) are induced in response to anti-proliferative stimuli and block G(1)/S-phase progression through the inhibition of CDK2. Although the cyclin E-CDK2 pathway is often deregulated in tumors the relative contribution of p21(Cip1) and p27(Kip1) to tumorigenesis is still unclear. The MYC transcription factor is an important regulator of the G(1)/S transition and its expression is frequently altered in tumors. Previous reports suggested that p27(Kip1) is a crucial G(1) target of MYC. Our study shows that in mice, deficiency for p27(Kip1) but not p21(Cip1) results in decreased survival to retrovirally-induced lymphomagenesis. Importantly, in such p27(Kip1) deficient lymphomas an increased frequency of Myc activation is observed. p27(Kip1) deficiency was also shown to collaborate with MYC overexpression in transgenic lymphoma models. Thus, in vivo, the capacity of MYC to promote tumor growth is fully retained and even enhanced upon p27(Kip1) loss. We show that in lymphocytes, MYC overexpression and p27(Kip1) deficiency independently stimulate CDK2 activity and augment the fraction of cells in S phase, in support of their distinct roles in tumorigenesis.

PMID:
12110586
PMCID:
PMC126110
DOI:
10.1093/emboj/cdf364
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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