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Diabetologia. 2002 Jun;45(6):792-7. Epub 2002 May 15.

Mosapride, a 5HT-4 receptor agonist, improves insulin sensitivity and glycaemic control in patients with Type II diabetes mellitus.

Author information

1
Division of Diabetes, Digestive and Kidney Diseases, Department of Clinical Molecular Medicine, Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine, 7-5-1 Kusunoki-cho, Chuo-ku, Kobe 650-0017, Japan.

Abstract

AIMS/HYPOTHESIS:

We investigated the potential role of mosapride, a 5HT-4 receptor agonist, in glycaemic control in Type II (non-insulin-dependent) diabetic mellitus patients without autonomic neuropathy.

METHODS:

Thirty-four inpatients with Type II diabetes mellitus were randomly assigned to receive either mosapride (5 mg orally three times a day, n=17) or a placebo ( n=17) for 1 week (first study). Changes in blood glucose and insulin were determined basally as well as after intravenous glucose loading. Insulin sensitivity was evaluated during hyperinsulinaemic-normoglycaemic-clamp studies and by measuring the number of and the autophosphorylation of insulin receptors on the erythrocytes of patients ( n=9). Sixty-nine outpatients with Type II diabetes were similarly treated with mosapride or a placebo for 8 weeks (second study). Finally, tissue- specific expression of 5HT-4 receptors was examined by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR).

RESULTS:

Mosapride lowered fasting blood glucose and fructosamine concentrations ( p<0.05) (first study). It significantly increased the number of (Mosapride 3323+/-518 vs 4481+/-786 [ p<0.05], Control 4227+/-761 vs 3275+/-554 per 300 microl erythrocytes) and the tyrosine autophosphorylation (Mosapride 3178+/-444 vs 4043+/-651 [ p<0.05], Control 3721+/-729 vs 3013+/-511 insulin receptor unit) of insulin receptors, as well as glucose utilisation (Mosapride 4.92+/-0.53 vs 5.88+/-0.72 [ p<0.05], Control 4.74+/-0.65 vs 4.70+/-0.31 mg/kg x min). Mosapride treatment for 8 weeks significantly reduced fasting glucose (9.91+/-0.34 vs 8.51+/-0.34 mmol/l, p<0.05), insulin (53.2+/-4.62 vs 40.8+/-5.52 pmol/l, p<0.05) and HbA(1c) (8.61+/-0.20 vs 7.67+/-0.19%, p<0.01) concentrations (second study). The RT-PCR analysis demonstrated specific expression of 5HT-4 receptors in the muscle, but not in the liver or fat tissues.

CONCLUSIONS/INTERPRETATION:

Mosapride could improve insulin action at muscle and glycaemic control in Type II diabetic patients.

PMID:
12107722
DOI:
10.1007/s00125-002-0835-4
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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