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J Am Coll Cardiol. 2002 Jul 17;40(2):318-24.

Correlation of left ventricular diastolic filling characteristics with right ventricular overload and pulmonary artery pressure in chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension.

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Division of Cardiology, School of Medicine, University of California-San Diego, 200 West Arbor Drive, San Diego, CA 92103-8411, USA.



This study was designed to determine a quantitative relationship between right ventricular (RV) pressure overload and left ventricular (LV) diastolic filling characteristics in patients with chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH).


Right ventricular pressure overload in patients with CTEPH causes abnormal LV diastolic filling. However, a quantitative relationship between RV pressure overload and LV diastolic function has not been established.


We analyzed pre- and postoperative diastolic mitral inflow velocities and right heart hemodynamic data in 39 consecutive patients with CTEPH over the age of 30 (55 +/- 11 years) with mean pulmonary artery pressure >30 mm Hg who underwent pulmonary thromboendarterectomy (PTE).


After PTE, mean pulmonary artery pressure (mPAP) decreased from 50 +/- 11 to 28 +/- 9 mm Hg (p < 0.001) while cardiac output (CO) increased from 4.4 +/- 1.1 to 5.7 +/- 0.9 l/m (p < 0.001). Mitral E/A ratio (E/A) increased from 0.74 +/- 0.22 to 1.48 +/- 0.69 (p < 0.001). E/A was < 1.25 in all patients pre-PTE. After PTE, all patients with E/A >1.50 had mPAP <35 mm Hg and CO >5.0 l/min. E/A correlated inversely with mPAP (r = 0.55, p < 0.001) and directly with CO (r = 0.53, p < 0.001).


E/A is consistently abnormal in patients with CTEPH and increases post-PTE. Moreover, E/A varies inversely with mPAP and directly with CO. Following PTE, E/A >1.5 correlates with the absence of severe pulmonary hypertension (mPAP >35 mm Hg) and the presence of normal cardiac output (> 5.0 l/m).

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