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Life Sci. 2002 Aug 2;71(11):1227-36.

Comparison of the effects of serotonin selective, norepinephrine selective, and dual serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors on lower urinary tract function in cats.

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  • 1Division of Neuroscience Research, Eli Lilly and Co., Lilly Corporate Center, Indianapolis, IN 46285, USA.


Previous studies showed that the dual serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT) and norepinephrine (NE) reuptake inhibitor, duloxetine, increases bladder capacity and urethral sphincter electromyographic (EMG) activity in a cat model of acetic acid-induced bladder irritation. The present study aimed to determine the relative importance of 5-HT versus NE reuptake inhibition for mediating these effects by examining drugs that are selective for either the 5-HT or NE system or both. Similar to duloxetine, venlafaxine (0.1 to 10 mg/kg), also a dual serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor, produced marked increases in bladder capacity and EMG activity that were reversed by methiothepin (0.3 mg/kg). S-norfluoxetine (0.01 to 10 mg/kg), a serotonin selective reuptake inhibitor, produced small but significant increases in bladder capacity and EMG activity at doses of 3 and 10 mg/kg. Thionisoxetine (0.01 to 3.0 mg/kg), a NE selective reuptake inhibitor, produced no effects on bladder capacity or sphincter EMG activity. Surprisingly, co-administration of thionisoxetine and s-norfluoxetine up to doses of 1 mg/kg of each compound produced no effect on lower urinary tract function. These doses were the maximum that could be administered in combination due to drug-induced emergence of skeletal muscle activity in chloralose-anesthetized animals. These results indicate that there are unexplained pharmacological differences between the effects of single compounds that exhibit dual NE and 5-HT reuptake inhibition and a combination of compounds that exhibit selective NE and 5-HT reuptake inhibition on lower urinary tract function.

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