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J Affect Disord. 2002 May;69(1-3):167-75.

Validation of the Portuguese version of the Social Adjustment Scale on Brazilian samples.

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  • 1Departamento de Farmacologia, Instituto de Ciências Biomédicas, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.



Social dysfunction is reported in several psychiatric diseases and its evaluation is becoming an important measure of treatment outcome. The aim of this study was to obtain normative data, to test the validity and the ability of the Portuguese version of the Self-Report Social Adjustment Scale (SAS-SR) to detect different clinical conditions.


The Portuguese version of the SAS-SR was applied to a carefully selected non-psychiatric sample, and to depressed, panic, bulimic and cocaine-dependent patients. Depressed and panic patients were evaluated in two different clinical conditions: acutely symptomatic and in remission.


SAS overall and sub-scale scores of the normal sample were consistently lower than all patient groups, indicating better social adjustment in all areas. Panic patients were impaired to a lower level than depressed and cocaine-dependent patients in overall adjustment. Depressed patients in remission, although in better condition, were still impaired in relation to normal subjects in overall social functioning, leisure time and marital areas. In panic patients in remission, normalization was not achieved in overall functioning, work and marital areas.


Sample size was small in some groups and the evaluation was cross-sectional.


The Portuguese version of SAS-SR is a useful instrument for detecting differences between psychiatric patients and normal subjects and for the evaluation of different clinical conditions, recommending its use in outcome studies.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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