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Bull Hosp Jt Dis. 2001-2002;60(3-4):124-9.

Arthroscopic stabilization of anterior shoulder instability: a historical perspective.

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NYU-Hospital for Joint Diseases, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, New York, New York 10003, USA.


The role of arthroscopic procedures in the management of glenohumeral instability continues to evolve and represents an effective alternative for addressing the pathology associated with this condition. Patient selection criteria, operative techniques, and implants all continue to evolve and have resulted in improved rates of success. Arthroscopic procedures benefit patients by avoiding the common morbidities associated with the disruption of the anterior soft tissues, including a loss of external rotation associated with open procedures. Arthroscopic procedures remain technically demanding and require skills to address all of the existing pathology. The surgeon must be prepared to address many conditions beyond the Bankart lesions including glenoid bone lesions. capsular laxity, rotator interval lesions, and SLAP lesions. In addition to the documentation of recurrence, the success of this procedure must be evaluated within the context of retained ranges of motion, recovery time, proprioceptive control, and the return to prior levels of activity. Further studies are necessary to continue to validate the efficacy of arthroscopic stabilization.

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