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Nicotine Tob Res. 2002 May;4(2):211-22.

Application of a nurse-managed inpatient smoking cessation program.

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Cardiac Rehabilitation Program, Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Stanford University School of Medicine, Palo Alto, CA, USA.


This study reports on the effectiveness of a nurse case-managed smoking cessation program for general hospitalized patients that was continued for 3 years after clinical trials were completed. Patients admitted to the hospital who smoked were offered a smoking cessation program during their hospitalization. The program included physician advice, bedside education and counseling with a nurse specially trained in smoking cessation techniques, take-home materials (videotape, workbook, and relaxation audiotape), nicotine replacement therapy if requested or indicated, and four nurse-initiated post-discharge telephone counseling calls. Of the 2091 patients identified as smokers, 52% enrolled in the program, 18% wanted to quit on their own, 20% did not want to quit, and 10% were ineligible. The 12-month self-reported cessation rate (7-day point prevalence) was 35% if patients lost to follow-up were considered smokers, 49% if not. Patients hospitalized for cancer, cardiovascular, or pulmonary reasons were most likely to participate and had the highest self-reported cessation rates (63%, 57%, and 46%, respectively). This nurse-managed smoking cessation intervention was effective when it was put into standard hospital practice outside of its originating randomized clinical trial structure. The program, relatively inexpensive to deliver, appears to be acceptable to the majority of smokers who are hospitalized, resulted in high 1-year cessation rates, and can be extended to hospital employees and their families, work-sites, and communities on a cost-recovery basis.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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