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Methods. 2002 Jun;27(2):144-9.

Restriction landmark genome scanning.

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University of California-San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94115-0875, USA.


Restriction landmark genome scanning (RLGS) is a quantitative approach that is uniquely suited for simultaneously assessing the methylation status of thousands of CpG islands. RLGS separates radiolabeled NotI fragments (or other CpG-containing restriction enzyme fragments) in two dimensions and allows distinction of single-copy CpG islands from multicopy CpG-rich sequences. The methylation sensitivity of the endonuclease activity of NotI provides the basis for differential methylation analysis, and NotI sites occur primarily in CpG islands and genes. RLGS has been used to identify novel imprinted genes, novel targets of DNA amplification and methylation in human cancer, and to identify deletion, methylation, and gene amplification in a mouse model of tumorigenesis. Such massively parallel analyses are critical for pattern recognition within and between tumor types, and for estimating the overall influence of CpG island methylation on the cancer cell genome. RLGS is also a useful method for integrating methylation analyses with high-resolution gene copy number analyses.

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