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Int Immunopharmacol. 2002 May;2(6):767-74.

Resveratrol modulates rat macrophage functions.

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Departamento de Microbiología y Parasitología, Facultad de Farmacia, Universidad de Santiago de Compostela, Spain.


This study investigated the effects of trans-resveratrol (trans-3,4',5-trihydroxystilbene, RESV), a natural polyphenol from grapes with known antioxidant activity, on the respiratory-burst responses and phagocytic activity of rat macrophages. RESV at concentrations of 1-10 microM significantly and dose-dependently inhibited (a) the extracellular production of reactive oxygen intermediates (ROls) by resident peritoneal macrophages stimulated with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) (a potent activator of protein kinase C, PKC) and (b) intracellular production of ROIs after opsonin-independent phagocytosis of Kluyveromyces lactis cells. Over the 10-100 microM concentration ranges, RESV likewise inhibited the production of reactive nitrogen intermediates (RNIs) by macrophages stimulated with thioglycollate. RESV concentrations above 10 microM also dose-dependently inhibited the phagocytosis of K. lactis cells. The results obtained demonstrate that RESV is a potent inhibitor of the antipathogen responses of rat macrophages and, thus, suggest that this agent may have applications in the treatment of diseases involving macrophage hyperresponsiveness.

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