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Cloning of a novel phospholipase A2 from the cnidarian Adamsia carciniopados.

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  • 1Department of Pathology, University of Turku, Kiinamyllynkatu 10, FIN-20520, Turku, Finland.


PLA2 catalytic activity was detected in homogenised tissues, including tentacles and acontia (structures for preying and defence, respectively), of the sea anemone Adamsia carciniopados. Nested reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT PCR) with degenerate primers and rapid amplification of cDNA ends (RACE) were used to clone a novel phospholipase A2 from Adamsia carciniopados (AcPLA2). AcPLA2 contains a putative prepropeptide of 37 residues, ending with a basic doublet followed by a mature protein of 119 amino acids, including 12 cysteines. AcPLA2 displays only 30-42% similarity with other known secretory PLA2s (sPLA2). C-terminal extension, typical of groups II and X PLA2s, is absent. Predicted molecular weight and pI of the mature protein are 13.5 kDa and 9.1, respectively. Structural features and phylogenetic analysis set AcPLA2 apart from the known sPLA2s and define this molecule in the ancient metazoan phylum Cnidaria as a member of a new class of sPLA2s.

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