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Cancer Detect Prev. 2002;26(1):10-4.

Effect of nucleotide substitutions in N-acetyltransferase-1 on N-acetylation (deactivation) and O-acetylation (activation) of arylamine carcinogens: implications for cancer predisposition.

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Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, University of Louisville School of Medicine, KY 40292, USA.


Genetic polymorphism in N-acetyltransferase-1 (NAT1) is associated with increased risk of various cancers, but epidemiological investigations are compromised by poor understanding of the relationship between NAT1 genotype and phenotype. Human reference NAT1*4 and 12 known human NAT1 allelic variants possessing nucleotide polymorphisms in the NAT1 coding region were cloned and expressed in yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe). Large reductions in the N-acetylation of 4-aminobiphenyl and the O-acetylation of N-hydroxy-2-aminofluorene were observed for recombinant NAT1 allozymes encoded by NAT1*14B, NAT1*15, NAT1*17, NAT1*19, and NAT1*22. Each of these alleles exhibited substantially lower expression of NAT1 protein than the reference NAT1*4 and the other NAT1 alleles. These results show an important effect of the NAT1 genetic polymorphism on the N- and O-acetylation of arylamine carcinogens, suggesting modification of cancer susceptibility following exposures to arylamine carcinogens.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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