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J Biol Chem. 2002 Sep 27;277(39):36415-24. Epub 2002 Jun 26.

Calpain activity regulates the cell surface distribution of amyloid precursor protein. Inhibition of calpains enhances endosomal generation of beta-cleaved C-terminal APP fragments.

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1
Nathan Kline Institute, Orangeburg, New York 10962, USA. mathews@nki.rfmh.org

Abstract

In murine L cells, treatment with calpeptin or calpain inhibitor III increased Abeta42, but not Abeta40, secretion in a dose-dependent fashion. This correlated with an increase in the levels of amyloid precursor protein (APP) carboxyl-terminal fragments (CTFs). Immunoprecipitation with novel mAbs directed against the carboxyl-terminus of APP or specific for the beta-cleaved CTF showed that generation of both alpha- and beta-cleaved CTFs increase proportionately following inhibition of calpains. Pulse-chase metabolic labeling confirmed that inhibiting calpains increases the production of alpha- and beta-cleaved APP metabolites. Immunolabeling showed greater betaCTF signal in calpeptin-treated cells, primarily in small vesicular compartments that were shown to be predominantly endosomal by colocalization with early endosomal antigen 1. A second mAb, which recognizes an extracellular/luminal epitope found on both APP and betaCTFs, gave more cell surface labeling of calpeptin-treated cells than control cells. Quantitative binding of this antibody confirmed that inhibiting calpains caused a partial redistribution of APP to the cell surface. These results demonstrate that 1) calpain inhibition results in a partial redistribution of APP to the cell surface, 2) this redistribution leads to an increase in both alpha- and beta-cleavage without changing the ratio of alphaCTFs/betaCTFs, and 3) the bulk of the betaCTFs in the cell are within early endosomes, confirming the importance of this compartment in APP processing.

PMID:
12087104
DOI:
10.1074/jbc.M205208200
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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