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Diabetes Care. 2002 Jul;25(7):1211-6.

Aggressive lipid lowering does not improve endothelial function in type 2 diabetes: the Diabetes Atorvastatin Lipid Intervention (DALI) Study: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial.

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  • 1Julius Center for General Practice and Patient Oriented Research and Department of Medicine, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Endothelial dysfunction is considered an important early marker of atherosclerosis and cardiovascular risk and is currently used as a surrogate end point for cardiovascular risk in clinical trials. Type 2 diabetic patients show a characteristic dyslipidemia. Aggressive lipid lowering might be an effective method to improve endothelial function in these patients.

RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS:

A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial was completed to study the effect of 30 weeks' administration of atorvastatin 10 mg and 80 mg on endothelial function, as assessed by B-mode ultrasound of the brachial artery, in 133 patients with type 2 diabetes without a history of cardiovascular disease.

RESULTS:

Patients with diabetes and diabetic dyslipidemia had considerable endothelium-dependent and endothelium-independent dysfunction; mean flow-mediated vasodilation (SD) was 3.16% (3.56), and mean response on sublingual nitroglycerin was 6.58% (6.04). Despite substantial lowering of all atherogenic lipid parameters, no improvement of endothelium-dependent vasodilatation was found (P > 0.8).

CONCLUSIONS:

We observed considerable baseline endothelium-dependent and endothelium-independent dysfunction in patients with diabetes and diabetic dyslipidemia without a history of cardiovascular disease. Aggressive lipid lowering by administration of atorvastatin, resulting in substantial improvement of the lipid profile, did not reverse endothelial dysfunction.

PMID:
12087021
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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