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Mol Cell. 2002 Jun;9(6):1273-83.

Recognition of eIF4G by rotavirus NSP3 reveals a basis for mRNA circularization.

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Laboratory of Molecular Biophysics, New York, NY 10021, USA.


Rotaviruses, segmented double-stranded RNA viruses, co-opt the eukaryotic translation machinery with the aid of nonstructural protein 3 (NSP3), a rotaviral functional homolog of the cellular poly(A) binding protein (PABP). NSP3 binds to viral mRNA 3' consensus sequences and circularizes mRNA via interactions with eIF4G. Here, we present the X-ray structure of the C-terminal domain of NSP3 (NSP3-C) recognizing a fragment of eIF4GI. Homodimerization of NSP3-C yields a symmetric, elongated, largely alpha-helical structure with two hydrophobic eIF4G binding pockets at the dimer interface. Site-directed mutagenesis and isothermal titration calorimetry documented that NSP3 and PABP use analogous eIF4G recognition strategies, despite marked differences in tertiary structure.

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