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Gastrointest Endosc. 2002 Jul;56(1):48-54.

Increased risk of colorectal neoplasia in patients with primary sclerosing cholangitis and ulcerative colitis: a meta-analysis.

Author information

1
Gastroenterology Section, VA Palo Alto and Department of Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Palo Alto, California 94304, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Published data on the risk of colorectal neoplasia in patients with ulcerative colitis with and without primary sclerosing cholangitis are conflicting. A meta-analysis was performed to synthesize available publications and to compare the risk of colorectal neoplasia in patients with ulcerative colitis with and without primary sclerosing cholangitis.

METHODS:

By using MEDLINE and manual search methods, studies were identified that compared the risk of colorectal neoplasia (dysplasia and carcinoma) in patients with ulcerative colitis with and without primary sclerosing cholangitis. In addition, citations were reviewed in relevant articles and proceedings from gastroenterology meetings, and investigators were contacted when data were incomplete. The summary odds ratio (OR) was then calculated for the risk for patients with ulcerative colitis and primary sclerosing cholangitis of having colorectal neoplasia develop compared with that of patients with ulcerative colitis without primary sclerosing cholangitis.

RESULTS:

Eleven studies met all eligibility criteria for the meta-analysis. Patients with ulcerative colitis and primary sclerosing cholangitis are at increased risk of colorectal dysplasia and carcinoma compared with patients with ulcerative colitis alone; OR 4.79: 95% CI [3.58, 6.41] with the Mantel-Haenszel method, and OR 5.11: 95% CI [3.15, 8.29] with the Der Simonian and Laird method. This increased risk is present even when the risk of colorectal carcinoma alone is considered; OR 4.09: 95% CI [2.89, 5.76] and OR 4.26: 95% CI [2.80, 6.48] by using, respectively, the Mantel-Haenszel and the Der Simonian and Laird methods.

CONCLUSIONS:

Patients with ulcerative colitis and primary sclerosing cholangitis have a significantly higher risk for the development of colorectal neoplasia than patients with ulcerative colitis but not primary sclerosing cholangitis. More intensive colonoscopic surveillance should be considered for patients with ulcerative colitis and primary sclerosing cholangitis.

PMID:
12085034
DOI:
10.1067/mge.2002.125367
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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