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J Biotechnol. 2002 Aug 28;97(3):265-73.

Production of extracellular protease and glucose uptake in Bacillus clausii in steady-state and transient continuous cultures.

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  • 1Center for Process Biotechnology, BioCentrum-DTU, Technical University of Denmark, Building 223, DK-2800, Lyngby, Denmark.


The production of the extracellular alkaline protease Savinase (EC and glucose uptake in a non-sporulating strain of Bacillus clausii were investigated by analysing steady-state and transients during continuous cultivations. The specific production rate was found to have an optimum at a dilution rate between 0.14 and 0.17 h(-1), whereas the yield of Savinase on glucose was found to increase with decreasing specific growth rate. A linear relationship between the ribosomal RNA content and the specific production rate was found, indicating that the translational capacity may be limiting for product formation. The dynamics of the production of Savinase were studied during step changes in the dilution rate. During a step down in the dilution rate the specific production rate decreased immediately until it reached a new steady value. During a step-up an initial cease in the production rate was observed, but when glucose stopped to accumulate the production rate was regained. The glucose uptake was further investigated when chemostat cultures growing at different dilution rates were exposed to glucose pulses. The maximal glucose uptake capacity was found to be dependent on the initial specific growth rate. Furthermore, the adaptation to high glucose concentrations was faster at high dilution rates than at low dilution rates.

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