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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2002 Jul 5;295(1):157-62.

TIRAP mediates endotoxin-induced NF-kappaB activation and apoptosis in endothelial cells.

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Department of Surgery, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, WA 98104, USA.


Bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) initiates multiple signaling events in vascular endothelial cells that can result in activation and/or cell death. LPS-induced activation of endothelial cells elicits a wide array of vascular endothelial responses, many of which are dependent on NF-kappaB activation. Several of the signaling molecules that mediate LPS-induced NF-kappaB activation, including Tlr-4, MyD88, and IRAK-1, have been similarly reported to mediate LPS pro-apoptotic signaling. Recently, a new signaling molecule, TIRAP, has been identified that mediates LPS-induced NF-kappaB signaling in monocytes and macrophages. Using a TIRAP dominant negative construct, we have identified a role for TIRAP in mediating LPS-induced NF-kappaB activation and apoptosis in human endothelial cells. These data identify TIRAP as a dual functioning signaling molecule and suggest the presence of a MyD88-independent LPS signaling pathway in human endothelial cells.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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