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Acta Virol. 2001;45(5-6):299-304.

Evaluation of a dipstick ELISA and a rapid immunochromatographic test for diagnosis of Dengue virus infection.

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Division of Virology, Defence Research and Development Establishment, Gwalior, M.P, India.


Here we report standardization of a dipstick enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA, Dipstick ELISA) and its comparative evaluation with a commercial Rapid PanBio Immunochromatographic test (IC test) for detection of Dengue (DEN) virus-specific IgM and IgG antibodies in patient sera. Among crude and purified viral antigens prepared from mouse brains or cell cultures, a DEN virus type 2 antigen purified from cell cultures by sucrose density gradient centrifugation was found superior in terms of the signal/ noise (S/N) ratio in the assay system. The sensitivity of detection of the virus by specific IgM antibody was improved by removal of IgG from patient sera prior to testing. The evaluation of the Dipstick ELISA by use of 156 serum samples revealed an overall accordance of 96% and 93% with the IC test in detection of IgM antibodies to DEN viruses (IgM antibodies) and IgG antibodies to DEN viruses (IgG antibodies), respectively. The sensitivity of the Dipstick ELISA and the IC test with reference to the mu-capture ELISA was 83% and 87%, respectively, with a specificity of 98% in both cases. The sensitivity of the Dipstick ELISA with reference to the IC test in detecting IgM and IgG antibodies was 84% and 94%, respectively, and the specificity of the Dipstick ELISA was 98% and 92%, respectively.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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