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J Perinatol. 2002 Jul-Aug;22(5):354-9.

Human milk reduces outpatient upper respiratory symptoms in premature infants during their first year of life.

Author information

1
Department of Pediatrics, Rhode Island Hospital, Brown University School of Medicine, Providence, RI 02903, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To determine if ingestion of human milk after discharge reduces symptoms of infections in premature infants.

STUDY DESIGN:

Follow-up of 39 infants with birth weights <2000 g, 24 of whom received any amount of human milk and 15 of whom received only formula after discharge, was carried out. Mothers were given a calendar on which they recorded any signs of infections and feeding and day-care information. Data were collected at 1 month after discharge and at 3, 7, and 12 months corrected age.

RESULTS:

Results show no differences between groups in birth weight, gestation, gender, maternal age, parental tobacco use, number of siblings, and day-care attendance. Socioeconomic status score was higher in the human milk group. Infants who received human milk had fewer days of upper respiratory symptoms at 1 month after discharge (p<0.025) and at 7 months corrected age (p<0.025).

CONCLUSION:

Ingestion of human milk post discharge is associated with a reduction of upper respiratory symptoms in premature infants during their first year of life.

PMID:
12082468
DOI:
10.1038/sj.jp.7210742
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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