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Inorg Chem. 2002 Jul 1;41(13):3570-7.

Spin dimer analysis of the spin exchange interactions in paramelaconite Cu(4)O(3) and its analogue Ag(2)Cu(2)O(3) and the spin ordering of the Cu(2)O(3) spin lattice leading to their magnetic phase transitions.

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Department of Chemistry, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina 27695-8204, USA.


The magnetic structures of the Cu(2)O(3) spin lattices present in Cu(4)O(3) and Ag(2)Cu(2)O(3) were analyzed by studying their spin exchange interactions on the basis of spin dimer analysis. Calculations of spin exchange parameters were calibrated by studying LiCuVO(4) whose intrachain and interchain antiferromagnetic spin exchange parameters are known experimentally. The magnetic phase transition of Cu(4)O(3) at 42.3 K doubles the unit cell along each crystallographic direction. The spin arrangements of the Cu(2)O(3) lattice consistent with this experimental observation are different from conventional antiferromagnetic ordering. Our analysis indicates that spin fluctuation should occur in Cu(4)O(3), low-dimensional magnetism should be more important than magnetic frustration in Cu(4)O(3), and Ag(2)Cu(2)O(3) and Cu(4)O(3) should have similar structural and magnetic properties.


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