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Gynecol Oncol. 2002 Jul;86(1):10-3.

Delivery outcomes following loop electrosurgical excision procedure for microinvasive (FIGO stage IA1) cervical cancer.

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1
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Ioannina University Hospital, Greece.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The goal of this study was to report the delivery outcomes in women who had loop electrosurgical excision procedure (LEEP) for microinvasive cervical cancer (stage IA1 without lymphovascular invasion) and became pregnant and progressed beyond 24 weeks.

METHODS:

A case-control study was performed. Twenty-eight women who were managed exclusively with LEEP for microinvasive cervical carcinoma had at least one pregnancy beyond 24 weeks and were the cases. Each case was matched with one woman who delivered at the same department without prior treatment of her cervix (controls) and their delivery outcomes were compared with those of the cases. Known risk factors for preterm delivery were used as matching factors.

RESULTS:

There was no statistically significant difference (P > 0.05) between cases and controls in the duration of pregnancy (37.6-38.4 weeks respectively), birth weight (3212-3315 g), cesarean section rate (17.8-32.1%), neonatal unit admission rate (21.4-10.7%), and precipitate labor rate (13-10.5%). The duration of labor was significantly shorter in cases (5.5-7.1 h, P = 0.032). After LEEP the relative risk for preterm delivery is 3.67 (95% confidence interval, 0.97-20.27), for low birth weight infant 0.67 (0.06-5.8), for precipitate labor 1 (0.05-3.88), and for delivery by cesarean section 0.5 (0.17-4.46).

CONCLUSIONS:

Women treated for microinvasive cancer with LEEP did not have significantly more delivery complications compared with controls apart from shorter duration of labor. There was a possible non-statistically significant trend toward shorter duration of pregnancy in cases. While caution should be advised when selecting and treating women with microinvasive carcinoma by LEEP, the apparent safety of the management and the satisfactory delivery outcome seem to justify this approach in many cases.

PMID:
12079292
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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