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Clin Nephrol. 2002 Jun;57(6):409-13.

Hypertension in renal transplantation: donor and recipient risk factors.

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  • 1Department of Nephrology, Dialysis and Renal Transplantation, Saint Jacques Hospital, Besançon, France.



To determine the respective roles of donor and recipient factors in the subsequent development of hypertension after renal transplantation.


All the patients transplanted between January 1990 and December 1999 who still had a functioning graft 1 year post-transplant (n = 321) were retrospectively studied. Blood pressure was assessed at 1 year post-transplant. Hypertension was defined as a systolic BP > or equal 140 mmHg or diastolic BP > or equal 90 mmHg, or use of antihypertensive medication. Relevant donor and recipient characteristics were recorded.


Two-hundred-and-sixty-three patients (82%) were hypertensive. In multivariate analysis, pretransplant hypertension (RR, 1.74, 95% CI, 1.07 to 2.87), anticalcineurin use (RR, 2.59, 95% CI, 1.13 to 5.92), urinary protein excretion (RR, 1.84, 95% CI, 1.06 to 3.18), BMI (RR, 1.08, 95% CI, 1.01 to 1.16), donor age (RR, 1.28,95% CI, 1.05 to 1.59, for each 10-year increase in donor age) and donor aortorenal atheroma (OR, 2.34; 95% CI, 1.24 to 4.46) were associated with hypertension. Among patients under calcineurin inhibitors, those receiving cyclosporine were more prone to have hypertension than those receiving tacrolimus (88.7% vs 78%; p = 0.04).


Both recipient and donor factors contribute to hypertension in RTR.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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