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J Immunol. 2002 Jul 1;169(1):507-14.

Inhibition of endogenous TGF-beta during experimental osteoarthritis prevents osteophyte formation and impairs cartilage repair.

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1
Rheumatology Research Laboratory, Department of Rheumatology, University Medical Center, Nijmegen, The Netherlands. a.scharstuhl@ncmls.kun.nl

Abstract

Osteoarthritis has as main characteristics the degradation of articular cartilage and the formation of new bone at the joint edges, so-called osteophytes. In this study enhanced expression of TGF-beta1 and -beta3 was detected in developing osteophytes and articular cartilage during murine experimental osteoarthritis. To determine the role of endogenous TGF-beta on osteophyte formation and articular cartilage, TGF-beta activity was blocked via a scavenging soluble TGF-beta-RII. Our results clearly show that inhibition of endogenous TGF-beta nearly completely prevented osteophyte formation. In contrast, treatment with recombinant soluble TGF-beta-RII markedly enhanced articular cartilage proteoglycan loss and reduced the thickness of articular cartilage. In conclusion, we show for the first time that endogenous TGF-beta is a crucial factor in the process of osteophyte formation and has an important function in protection against cartilage loss.

PMID:
12077282
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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