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Toxicol Sci. 2002 Jul;68(1):121-46.

Three-generation reproductive toxicity study of dietary bisphenol A in CD Sprague-Dawley rats.

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RTI, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina 27709-2194, USA.


Bisphenol A (BPA) was evaluated at concentrations of 0, 0.015, 0.3, 4.5, 75, 750, and 7500 ppm ( approximately 0.001, 0.02, 0.3, 5, 50, and 500 mg/kg/day of BPA) administered in the diet ad libitum to 30 CD((R)) Sprague-Dawley rats/sex/dose for 3 offspring generations, 1 litter/generation, through F3 adults. Adult systemic toxicity at 750 and 7500 ppm in all generations included: reduced body weights and body weight gains, reduced absolute and increased relative weanling and adult organ weights (liver, kidneys, adrenals, spleen, pituitary, and brain), and female slight/mild renal and hepatic pathology at 7500 ppm. Reproductive organ histopathology and function were unaffected. Ovarian weights as well as total pups and live pups/litter on postnatal day (PND) 0 were decreased at 7500 ppm, which exceeded the adult maximum tolerated dose (MTD). Mating, fertility, gestational indices; ovarian primordial follicle counts; estrous cyclicity; precoital interval; gestational length; offspring sex ratios; postnatal survival; nipple/areolae retention in preweanling males; epididymal sperm number, motility, morphology; daily sperm production (DSP), and efficiency of DSP were all unaffected. At 7500 ppm, vaginal patency (VP) and preputial separation (PPS) were delayed in F1, F2, and F3 offspring, associated with reduced body weights. Anogenital distance (AGD) on PND 0 was unaffected for F2 and F3 males and F3 females (F2 female AGD was increased at some doses, not at 7500 ppm, and was considered not biologically or toxicologically relevant). Adult systemic no observed adverse effect level (NOAEL) = 75 ppm (5 mg/kg/day); reproductive and postnatal NOAELs = 750 ppm (50 mg/kg/day). There were no treatment-related effects in the low-dose region (0.001-5 mg/kg/day) on any parameters and no evidence of nonmonotonic dose-response curves across generations for either sex. BPA should not be considered a selective reproductive toxicant, based on the results of this study.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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