Send to

Choose Destination
Endocrinology. 2002 Jul;143(7):2559-70.

Estrogen receptor alpha inhibits IL-1beta induction of gene expression in the mouse liver.

Author information

Wyeth Research, Collegeville, Pennsylvania 19426, USA.


Estrogens have been suggested to modulate several inflammatory processes. Here, we show that IL-1beta treatment induced the expression of approximately 75 genes in the liver of ovariectomized mice. 17alpha-Ethinyl estradiol (EE) pretreatment reduced the IL-1beta induction of approximately one third of these genes. Estrogen receptor alpha (ERalpha) was required for this inhibitory activity, because EE inhibition of IL-1beta-stimulated gene expression occurred in ERbeta knockout mice, but not in ERalpha knockout mice. EE treatment induced expression of 40 genes, including the transcriptional repressor short heterodimer partner and prostaglandin D synthase, known modulators of nuclear factor-kappaB signaling. However, the ER agonists genistein and raloxifene both inhibited IL-1beta gene induction without stimulating the expression of prostaglandin D synthase, short heterodimer partner, or other ER-inducible genes, indicating that induction of gene expression was not required for ER inhibition of IL-1beta signaling. Finally, the ability of EE to repress IL-1beta gene induction varied among tissues. For example, EE inhibited IL-1beta induction of lipopolysaccharide-induced c-x-c chemokine (LIX) in the liver, but not in the spleen or lung. The degree of EE repression did not correlate with ER expression. cAMP response element binding protein-binding protein (CBP)/p300 levels also varied between tissues. Together, these results are consistent with a model of in vivo ER interference with IL-1beta signaling through a coactivator-based mechanism.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Silverchair Information Systems
Loading ...
Support Center