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Vet Immunol Immunopathol. 2002 Sep 10;87(3-4):239-44.

Mycobacterium paratuberculosis heat shock protein 70 as a tool in control of paratuberculosis.

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Department of Infectious Diseases and Immunology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Division of Immunology, Utrecht, The Netherlands.


Paratuberculosis in cattle is a chronic intestinal disease in which a distinctive cellular reactivity of a Th1-type preceeds the phase in which antibody titers are easily detectable and the animal becomes clinically ill. During infection with Mycobacterium avium ssp. paratuberculosis (M.a.p), a decrease in CD4 T-helper cells has been observed in the clinical phase. Our ultimate aim is to elicit a cytotoxic reaction against infected macrophages, using recombinant Hsp70 (rHsp70) of M.a.p. as a tool to shuttle antigen into the MHC class I antigen presentation pathway. To investigate the mechanism of rHsp70 as a carrier for antigen into the cell, we studied the interaction between APC and Fitc-labelled rHsp70, using FACS analysis and confocal microscopy. Interaction of rHsp70 with the cell surface of bovine APC, presumably via a receptor, was shown on monocytes, monocyte derived macrophages and dendritic cell (DC). The interaction is detectable on the complete population of freshly derived monocytes, although peak intensity of fluorescence is lower on these cells than on macrophages and DCs. DCs show interaction on a high percentage of the cells, with high intensity, while in the case of macrophages only a subpopulation interacts with rHsp70. Efficient uptake of rHsp70 as compared to OVA is shown. Preincubation of DC with unlabelled rHsp70 leads to a decreased interaction with rHsp70-FITC. DC interacting with rHsp70 in addition showed high expression of MHC I, MHC II, Myd-1 (CD172a) and CD40. Further research will focus on loading of the rHsp70 with M.a.p. antigen for presentation in MHC class I.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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