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Radiat Res. 2002 Jul;158(1):84-93.

7-Hydroxystaurosporine (UCN-01) preferentially sensitizes cells with a disrupted TP53 to gamma radiation in lung cancer cell lines.

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1
Departments of Radiation Oncology, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, New York 10461, USA.

Abstract

Mutations in TP53 occur in more than 50% of the lung cancer patients and are associated with an increased resistance to chemotherapy and radiotherapy. The human lung adenocarcinoma cell lines A549 and LXSN contain a wild-type TP53 and were growth arrested at both the G(1)- and G(2)-phase checkpoints after irradiation. However, a TP53-disrupted cell line, E6, was arrested only at the G(2)-phase checkpoint. UCN-01 (7-hydroxystaurosporine), a CHEK1 inhibitor that abrogates the G(2) block, has been reported to enhance radiation toxicity in human lymphoma and colon cancer cell lines. In this study, UCN-01 preferentially enhanced the radiosensitivity of the TP53-disrupted E6 cells compared to the TP53 wild-type cells. This effect was more pronounced in cells synchronized in early G(1) phase, where the E6 cells showed a higher resistance to radiation in the absence of drug. These results indicate that the combination of UCN-01 and radiation can more specifically target resistant TP53 mutated cancer cells and spare TP53 wild-type normal cells.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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