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Protein Expr Purif. 2002 Jun;25(1):50-8.

Purification of alpha-sarcin and an antifungal protein from mold (Aspergillus giganteus) by chitin affinity chromatography.

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State Key Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Institute of Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences, 320 Yue-Yang Road, Shanghai 200031, China.


A simple method for preparation of alpha-sarcin and an antifungal protein (AFP) from mold (Aspergillus giganteus MDH 18894) has been developed. alpha-Sarcin and AFP were purified simultaneously by chitin affinity column chromatography and gel filtration. By this method, 4.5 mg of pure alpha-sarcin and 6.9 mg of pure AFP were obtained from 2 liters of culture medium. Compared with other purification methods such as ion-exchange column chromatography, this procedure was very simple and specific. The purified alpha-sarcin and AFP were homogeneous as characterized by SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. Both alpha-sarcin and AFP exhibited the binding activity to generated chitin. Soluble glycochitin decreased the intensity of fluorescence of alpha-sarcin and made the lambda(em)m shift from 340 to 347 nm. Titration of alpha-sarcin with N-bromosuccinimide under native conditions revealed that two tryptophans (Trps) were all located in the core part of alpha-sarcin molecule. This indicated that Trps were not involved in the binding of alpha-sarcin to chitin. Glycochitin in the culture medium increased the expression of alpha-sarcin, while it had no effect on the expression of AFP. Unlike other ligands such as Cibacron blue for the affinity purification of alpha-sarcin and AFP, glycochitin increased the nuclease activity of alpha-sarcin.

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