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Clin Exp Immunol. 2002 Jun;128(3):467-73.

CpG ODN activates NO and iNOS production in mouse macrophage cell line (RAW 264.7).

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Laboratory of Immunology, Chulabhorn Research Institute, Bangkok, Thailand.


Synthetic CpG containing oligodeoxynucleotide (CpG ODN) is recognized for its ability to activate cells to produce several cytokines, such as IL-12 and TNF-alpha. In the present study we have demonstrated that CpG ODN 1826, known for its immunostimulatory activity in the mouse system could, by itself, induce nitric oxide (NO) and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) production from mouse macrophage cell line (RAW 264.7). Neutralizing antibody against TNF-alpha was not able to inhibit NO or iNOS production from the CpG ODN 1826-activated macrophages, suggesting that although the TNF-alpha was also produced by CpG ODN-activated macrophages, the production of iNOS was not mediated through TNF-alpha. Although both CpG ODN 1826 and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) were able to stimulate NO and iNOS production, the exposure time required for maximum production of NO and iNOS for the CpG ODN 1826-activated macrophages was significantly longer than those activated with LPS. These results were due probably to a delay of NF-kappaB translocation, as indicated by the delay of IkappaBalpha degradation. Moreover, the fact that chloroquine abolished NO and iNOS production from the cells treated with CpG ODN 1826 but not from those treated with LPS suggested that the induction of NO and iNOS production from the cells stimulated with CpG ODN (1826) also required endosomal maturation/acidification.

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