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Lab Invest. 2002 Jun;82(6):713-8.

Podocyte-associated molecules in puromycin aminonucleoside nephrosis of the rat.

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Haartman Institute, Department of Bacteriology and Immunology, University of Helsinki, Finland.


Molecules of central functional significance for the glomerular podocytes are rapidly emerging and have been shown to be distinctly involved in diseases with altered glomerular filtration barrier. Here we used the puromycin aminonucleoside (PA) nephrosis model in the rat to study some key proteins associated with the maintenance of the functional glomerular filtration barrier in vivo. The molecules studied included the filtration slit component nephrin, the hairpin-like membrane protein podocin, the basolateral adhesion molecules beta1 integrin and alpha-dystroglycan, and the cytoskeleton-linking intermediary beta-catenin and the actin-associated alpha-actinin-4. The results showed diminished protein levels of podocin and nephrin in the PA-treated group. beta-catenin showed distinct down-regulation at 3 days of induction, and the control level was reached at 10 days. beta1 integrin was markedly up-regulated during induction. alpha-actinin-4 was not changed at the studied time points. The results show distinct differences in the different domains of podocytes during PA-induced proteinuria.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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