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J Craniomaxillofac Surg. 2002 Feb;30(1):41-5.

Blood supply of the mandibular cortex: an experimental study in Göttingen minipigs with special reference to the condyle.

Author information

1
Department of Maxillofacial and Facial Plastic Surgery, Rostock University, Rostock, Germany. bassam.saka@med.uni-rostock.de

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

Blood supply of the mandible is an important factor that influences bone growth and bone repair.

MATERIAL AND METHODS:

An experimental study was carried out in 24 mandibles of 12 Göttingen minipigs to study the blood supply of the mandibular cortex.

RESULTS:

Endosteal blood supply prevails in the cranial part of the mandible including the condyle, whilst periosteal blood supply predominates in the caudal part of the mandible, the body. The two forms of blood supply are in balance in the ascending ramus and the angle of the mandible.

CONCLUSION:

The mandibular cortex can be divided into three parts, each having different sources of blood supply. The results of this study may be of significance for man and could help to understand some pathological disorders of the mandible.

PMID:
12064882
DOI:
10.1054/jcms.2001.0257
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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